The seizure of power was to take place after early parliamentary elections, according to the State Committee for National Security. The previous change of power in Kyrgyzstan took place after the parliamentary elections in October 2020, the results of which caused massive protests
More than 15 people were detained in Kyrgyzstan in connection with the the National Security Committee of Kyrgyzstan (GKNB).
The riots, according to security officials, should have started after the announcement of the results of the early parliamentary elections, which are scheduled for November 28. Following the previous elections in October 2020, mass protests took place in Kyrgyzstan, which led to the resignation of President Sooronbai Jeenbekov, the voting results were annulled.
“ We have obtained irrefutable evidence of the criminal activities of a group of individuals led by certain destructive political forces, including parliament members and former high-ranking officials. After the results of the upcoming parliamentary elections were announced, citizens planned to organize rallies in Bishkek with a violent seizure of power, '', & mdash; reported in the State Committee for National Security.
The committee clarified that to participate in the riots, their organizers recruited about 1,000 young people, with whom “ systematic meetings were held aimed at ideological indoctrination against state structures, and plans for provocation were discussed mass riots. ''More than 15 suspects have been detained. In this criminal case, other members of the criminal group are also identified, whose actions will also be given an appropriate legal assessment '', '' mdash; added to the State Committee for National Security.
The protests in Kyrgyzstan in October 2020 began due to the fact that in the October 5, 2020 elections, representatives of parties closely associated with President Sooronbe Jeenbekov took the majority of seats in parliament. People took to the streets demanding new elections. The protests escalated into clashes with the security forces, the protesters seized several administrative buildings, including the parliament building.
Of the five presidents of independent Kyrgyzstan, only two peacefully and legally transferred power: Roza Otunbayeva, who held office during the transition period of 2010 – 2011, and Almazbek Atambayev, who followed her. The country's first and second presidents, Askar Akaev and Kurmanbek Bakiev, were forced to flee Kyrgyzstan. Jeenbekov also resigned under pressure from street protests.
New presidential elections were held in the republic on January 10, 2021, won by Sadyr Japarov, who was by a large margin ahead of 16 other competitors – & mdash; he received almost 80% of the votes. Simultaneously with the elections, a referendum was held to change the form of government from a parliamentary to a presidential republic. The majority of those who came to vote supported this proposal. At the same time, the turnout, although the elections were early and took place just four months after the revolution, turned out to be relatively small – & mdash; less than 40%.
Zhaparov returned to politics right from his prison cell, where he was serving time on charges of taking a hostage. Supporters released him on October 6, on the second day of popular unrest. On October 10, Zhaparov was approved as prime minister. Five days later, he forced President Sooronbai Jeenbekov to resign and took his place, becoming the acting head of state. In his letter of resignation, Jeenbekov explained that he did not want to remain in the history of Kyrgyzstan as a president who “ shed blood and shot at his citizens. ''
In April, a referendum on amendments to the Constitution was held in Kyrgyzstan. With a turnout of more than 30%, citizens supported the changes in the Basic Law: the duties of the head of government were transferred to the head of the presidential administration, the president was given the right to appoint and dismiss ministers. The number of parliament members was reduced from 120 to 90.
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