Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 46. Where will they not be allowed without a QR code? 17/11/2021
Why do more and more children record violations in the & nbsp; development of speech? When should I contact a & nbsp; speech therapist? What toys and & nbsp; activities to choose for a & nbsp; child?
About & nbsp; this AiF spoke to & nbsp; & laquo; Educator of the Year of Russia & nbsp; & ndash; 2021 '', a teacher-speech therapist of a kindergarten from & nbsp; Rybinsk, Yaroslavl region. Olga Khitrova.
& ndash; When I came to work in a kindergarten, 50% of preschoolers did not need the & nbsp; help of a speech therapist. Now only 1 & ndash; 2 children in the & nbsp; group have no violations in the & nbsp; development of speech, the rest need correction. And & nbsp; neurological conditions are not always to blame. One of the & nbsp; reasons & nbsp; & ndash; excessive passion for gadgets, an incredible amount of information that children are forced to perceive. Kids already at & nbsp; one year old are sitting with smartphones in & nbsp; hands. I & nbsp; understand parents who give their child a phone to be able to go about their business or get some rest. But when a child does not take any other toys in his & nbsp; hands, watches videos for hours and & nbsp; presses the & nbsp; buttons, then he has no need to communicate with the & nbsp; outside world. Hence the & nbsp; slowdown in speech development. In reality, a child can play on a & nbsp; tablet, watch cartoons for 15 & ndash; 20 minutes in a & nbsp; day. No more. & Nbsp;
You can play both & nbsp; with wallpaper and & nbsp; with threads
& ndash; When should you contact a & nbsp; speech therapist?
& ndash; At & nbsp; 4 years old, the child should get a & nbsp; consultation with a & nbsp; speech therapist. Of course, if there are explicit probes & shy; lems & nbsp; & ndash; a child in & nbsp; 2 & ndash; 3 years does not speak, pronounces only separate & shy; ny words or his speech until & nbsp; still resembles the humming of a baby, he does not hear the speech addressed to him, does not react to & nbsp; sounds, emotions, gestures & nbsp; & ndash; no need to wait four years. The sooner the correctional work begins, the more chances that it will be possible to achieve a successful result.
& ndash; What toys are useful?
& ndash; All objects in the & nbsp; surrounding space can be used for the & nbsp; development of children & nbsp; & ndash; carpet, wallpaper, threads. It turns out such a logo board, with the & nbsp; help of which the child turns on imagination and & nbsp; creates. I even use the popular toy pop-it & nbsp; in my & nbsp; & ndash; with its help, we automate and differentiate sounds, practice the skills of word formation and inflection, work on the syllable structure of the word. The child pronounces syllables by clicking on the & nbsp; pimples, literally feels them on the & nbsp; fingertips and & nbsp; memorizes the correct pronunciation. We use the mirror as a board, on which we and & nbsp; children paint with lipstick, create a foam field. So the motivation of children to & nbsp; use & shy; ration of speech disorders turns out to be much higher. & Nbsp;
I try to develop positive thinking in the & nbsp; classes. If something has not worked out now, you need not get upset, but & nbsp; analyze the reasons, look for other solutions. Then, in adulthood, there are more chances that, faced with & nbsp; probes & shy; lemma, they will not bury their heads in the & nbsp; sand, but & nbsp; try to find an alternative way out.
Do not project your ambitions onto the & nbsp; child
& ndash; Some parents, almost from & nbsp; year, drag their child along & nbsp; various developmental activities. Is it worth the rush?
& ndash; For a & nbsp; child of senior dosha & shy; age additional classes, for example, drawing, chess, will facilitate learning to write, counting. But you can't go too far, otherwise the child's fatigue increases, immunity decreases. And & nbsp; here with & nbsp; foreign you should not rush to & nbsp; school. You must first put on all the sounds of your native speech, and & nbsp; then learn another language.
Modern children are unique, they absorb new information like sponges. But you need to give the child the opportunity to understand what he wants to do. Do not project your ambitions onto & nbsp; him, giving to the & nbsp; sections in which you yourself were engaged in & nbsp; children & shy; st, but did not succeed.
& ndash; But many believe that children should be forced.
& ndash; Adults have more experience, they know their children, so they understand whether this or that activity will be useful. There are sports in & nbsp; which bring children from & nbsp; an early age. There is no point in waiting for the child to mature and & nbsp; wants. And & nbsp; nevertheless, if he cries before each lesson, then why force? Perhaps in a year he will change his mind, and & nbsp; it will be possible to try to return to & nbsp; this lesson. It is wiser to choose a direction in which you can give your child the maximum, based on & nbsp; your capabilities, what your region is famous for in & nbsp; sports or education, so that it shows abilities, and & nbsp; didn’t just spend time on & nbsp; general development. & Nbsp;
Tips for parents
- Every day, find time that you can devote only to your child, without being distracted by & nbsp; phone, TV, work.
- Use for & nbsp; communication time while walking together in & nbsp; kindergarten, shop. Ask what happened during the day, what you learned, who you didn’t make friends with, tell us what & nbsp; did you have at your & nbsp; job.
- Go to the cinema, theater, museums and & nbsp; be sure to discuss what you see later.
- Bake a cake or cookie with your child. Sculpting from & nbsp; dough develops fine motor skills, which is closely related to & nbsp; speech.
- While the baby is not yet talking, speech therapists recommend that mothers paint their lips with bright lipstick so that the child focuses on & nbsp; them attention and & nbsp; learns correct articulation.
By the way
The child should:
- at 3 months of age play different sounds. If he only speaks vowels, he probably & nbsp; has hearing problems;
- after 1 year & nbsp; understand direction words and & nbsp; words & ndash; names of subjects;
- by & nbsp; 2 years to understand speech addressed to & nbsp; and & nbsp; to answer it;
- by & nbsp; 3 years to have in the lexicon all the main parts of speech and vocabulary up to & nbsp; 1 , 5 & nbsp; thous. words.