Italian Deputy Foreign Minister Manlio Di Stefano confirmed that Rome had submitted a four-stage plan to the UN on how to resolve the conflict in Ukraine. The head of EU diplomacy, Josep Borrell, said that Kyiv should determine the terms of the truce alt=”The Italian Foreign Ministry announced the transfer of the settlement plan in Ukraine to the UN” />
Josep Borrell (center)
Italian Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio handed over to UN Secretary General António Guterres a plan developed by Rome for a peaceful settlement of the conflict in Ukraine, Italian Deputy Foreign Minister Manlio Di Stefano said on Twitter, confirming reports that appeared the day before.
“The truce plan proposed [ Luigi Di Maio] UN, outlines new perspectives for ending the conflict in Ukraine through coordinated actions at the world level to quickly achieve a ceasefire and restore political and economic balance,— written by Di Stefano.
However, the head of EU diplomacy, Josep Borrell, said that the conditions for a truce with Moscow should be determined by Kyiv. At a briefing following the meeting of the EU Foreign Affairs Council on Development, he was asked to comment on Italy's plan.
“We support any effort to end this conflict. However, we are in favor of an immediate ceasefire and the complete withdrawal of Russian troops from the territory of Ukraine. As for the conditions, here the decision is up to Ukraine,»,— said Borrell.
He also noted that the EU hopes that Kyiv will be “in a strong position” during the settlement negotiations.
La Repubblica wrote that the plan proposed by Italy includes four stages . It is proposed to start with a ceasefire and demilitarization of the front line under the supervision of the UN, then move on to negotiations on the status of Ukraine, involving the entry of the country into the European Union, but not joining NATO.
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The third stage involves the conclusion of a bilateral agreement on Crimea and Donbass between Russia and Ukraine, according to which the “disputed territories” will receive autonomy and the right to ensure their own security, but sovereignty over the regions will belong to Kyiv. The final stage will be the conclusion of a multilateral agreement on peace and security in Europe, followed by the withdrawal of Russian troops from Ukraine, follows from the document.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said that a diplomatic solution to the conflict is possible only after a ceasefire and the withdrawal of Russian troops. At the end of February, Vladimir Putin named “the recognition of Russian sovereignty over Crimea, the solution of the tasks of demilitarization and denazification of the Ukrainian state and ensuring its neutral status” among the necessary conditions for a truce.
Since the beginning of the Russian military operation in Ukraine, Moscow and Kyiv have held several rounds of talks in person and remotely. The most effective was the meeting in Turkey at the end of March. Then Ukraine offered to ensure its security to the countries from among the permanent members of the UN Security Council (guarantees will not work in Crimea and on part of the territory of Donbass). In return, Kyiv should accept a neutral and non-nuclear status, as well as refuse to produce and deploy all types of weapons of mass destruction.
However, since the beginning of April, the Russian authorities have repeatedly made statements that the negotiations have stalled. On May 17, Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia Andrey Rudenko said that there were no negotiations between Kyiv and Moscow in any form. The suspension of contacts was confirmed by Advisor to the Head of the Office of the President of Ukraine Mikhail Podolyak: “After the Istanbul communiqué, there are no changes, there is no progress.”
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