Weekly “Arguments and Facts” No. 46. Where will they not be allowed without a QR code? 17/11/2021
Spy passions around the Vatican have not subsided for many years. Lithuania recently declassified the archives, and conversations about & nbsp; “ church games '' were immediately resumed. two most powerful intelligence services in the world.
From & nbsp; priests to & nbsp; agents
Among the declassified documents, a letter from the USSR People's Commissar of Internal Affairs Lavrenty Beria and & nbsp; Head of the Main Directorate of State Security of the NKVD of the USSR Vsevolod Merkulov , addressed to the head of the NKVD of the Lithuanian SSR Alexander Guzevichius (Gudaitis). “ GUGB NKVD has information that the Vatican is still in the & nbsp; first half of 1940 & nbsp; g. decided to strengthen his anti-Soviet work with the & nbsp; purpose of maintaining influence over the masses of believers, artificially creating anti-Soviet sentiments among them and & nbsp; organizing them against the measures of the Soviet government, & nbsp; & ndash; says the & nbsp; doc. & nbsp; & ndash; The available data confirm that the installation of the Vatican from the & nbsp; moment of the Sovietization of Lithuania has been actively pursued in & nbsp; life. Based on the & nbsp; stated, the NKVD of the USSR suggests: using the data of agents & nbsp; & ndash; to outline several figures from the & nbsp; number of priests and & nbsp; authorities of the Catholic Church for & nbsp; recruitment of large agents that can reveal the connections of the leading figures of the Catholic Church with & nbsp; foreign intelligence services (especially German), and & nbsp; also intercept communications on & nbsp; the Vatican and our agents & nbsp; … And & nbsp; at the end of the postscript: “ Report on the results of the work and & nbsp; the planned activities to & nbsp; 30 & nbsp; January 1941 & nbsp ;.
Apparently, it was possible to deploy a full-fledged agent network. But Beria's idea has borne tangible results decades later. & Nbsp;
In the & nbsp; early 1960s, both the CIA and the KGB took a serious interest in the & nbsp; Holy See. Then the pontiff was John & nbsp; XXIII, nicknamed for his sympathy for the & nbsp; communists the “ red pope ''. It was he who established diplomatic relations with the & nbsp; USSR and & nbsp; acted as an intermediary between Nikita Khrushchev and & nbsp; John F. Kennedy during the Cuban missile crisis in & nbsp; 1962. The Pope's Reputation as a 'Communist Pope' intensified even more when he convened the Second Vatican Council, which he called 'revolutionary'. The point is & nbsp; the fact that they decided to hold masses in & nbsp; national languages, and & nbsp; not only in & nbsp; Latin, in addition, Catholics were allowed to participate in & nbsp; sacraments with & nbsp; Christians of other confessions.
Not only the secret services of the two superpowers worked in the Vatican, but also agents of the Warsaw Pact states. It's primarily about the & nbsp; German Stasi. Their & nbsp; main task was to introduce as many of their cardinals into the & nbsp; curia as possible. According to & nbsp; Polish historian Slawomir Chentskevich, in & nbsp; 1962 & ndash; 1965 & nbsp; years, when the cathedral was held, 50 & nbsp; agents were abandoned from & nbsp; USSR-friendly countries to & nbsp; Rome.
Former officer of the RUMO (US military intelligence) John Koehler , who was an adviser to President Reagan in the & nbsp; 1980s, published a book about & nbsp; spies in the & nbsp; Vatican, based on & nbsp; documents that began to be declassified in batches after the fall of the Berlin Wall and & nbsp; collapse of the USSR. He writes that in the & nbsp; 1960s, Markus Wolf & nbsp; & ndash; supervised the operation of the & nbsp; introduction of Soviet agents into the Pope's entourage. Head of the Main Intelligence Directorate of the Ministry of State Security of the GDR (Stasi). Wolf managed to carry out a series of daring actions to & nbsp; infiltrate the decision-making bodies of the Holy See of his secret officers: Paul Dissemond , Benedictine monk Eugen Brammertz and & nbsp; Bachelor of Philosophy, University of Munich Alfons Vashbush . & Nbsp;
A Magnificent Monk
Dissemond began working for & nbsp; intelligence in & nbsp; 1974 & nbsp; when he served as Secretary General & shy; of the German Episcopal Conference. It was he who informed the Stasi that the then Secretary of State of the Roman Curia, Cardinal Agostino Casaroli , had established contacts with & nbsp; a number of bishops of the GDR and & nbsp; Poland for >Benedictine monk Eugen Brammertz (The Magnificent Monk) was recruited by Smersh counterintelligence officers in & nbsp; May 1945, when he, as a Luftwaffe military doctor, was interned in a POW camp. In 1975, Brammertz was sent by the Benedictine Abbey of St. Matthew in Trier to Rome, where he worked as a translator for the German edition of the Vatican newspaper Osservator Romano. Over time, he managed to penetrate the & nbsp; Commission of the Holy See for & nbsp; Science, of which the same Cardinal Casaroli was a member. Brammertz prepared a report for & nbsp; Wolf with & nbsp; characteristics of all persons involved in the & nbsp; implementation of Eastern policy. After the election of Krakow's Cardinal Karol Wojtyla to the & nbsp; papacy under the & nbsp; name of John Paul & nbsp; II The Magnificent Monk regularly sent to the & nbsp; “ Stasi '' reports on & nbsp; & quot; the growing influence of the Polish clergy in & nbsp; Vatican & quot ;. This pope was indeed an outspoken anti-communist.
The & nbsp; telegram sent from & nbsp; Vilnius to & nbsp; Moscow in & nbsp; mid-1980s, reported that “ an agent, one of the high-ranking representatives of the Lithuanian Catholic Church, is sent to the & nbsp; Vatican, where in & nbsp; during the visit & nbsp; Pope John Paul & nbsp; II, Secretary of State A. & nbsp; Casaroli and & nbsp; others. Cardinal Casaroli was close to the pontiff, through whom the Pope's decisions were easily influenced. He was tightly held under a & nbsp; cap. This was discovered by accident. The nun, wiping the dust in the secretary of state's chambers, inadvertently brushed away the statue of the Madonna of Fatima. From & nbsp; it dropped a “ button '', which turned out to be a device for & nbsp; wiretapping. Later, the Italian special services reported that the bug & nbsp; & ndash; the result of a successful KGB special operation. And & nbsp; carried him to the chambers of the wife & shy; of the cardinal's nephew. & Nbsp;
In 1987, after the death of the Magnificent Monk, his work was continued by another German who worked for the Stasi. c & nbsp; 1965 & nbsp; g. under the & nbsp; pseudonym & laquo; Antonius & raquo;, & nbsp; & ndash; Alphonse Waszbuch . He was a correspondent for the Catholic news agency KNA. In & nbsp; 1981, during the state of emergency in & nbsp; Poland, your & shy; bush supplied the Polish special services with information about & nbsp; subversive activities of the Catholic Church inside the country.
Another agent, the Polish Dominican priest Konrad Stanislaw Heimo, who was friends with & nbsp; Karol Wojtyla since the time of joint studies at & nbsp; University of Krakow, was the closest to getting close to & nbsp; John Paul & nbsp; II. He was organizing the pilgrimage of Catholics from & nbsp; Poland to & nbsp; Rome and & nbsp; had unlimited access to the & nbsp; pontiff until & nbsp; the last days of his life. After the death of the pope in & nbsp; 2005, the head of the Polish Institute of National Remembrance Leon Keres openly accused Heimo. He did not particularly deny anything, only said that he acted “ from good intentions '' and & nbsp; & nbsp; told about & nbsp; dad only what could be gleaned from & nbsp; open & shy; sources. & nbsp;
Who set the Gray Wolf?
In the & nbsp; early 1990s, when it became known about & nbsp; large special & shy; operations of Soviet agents in the & nbsp; Vatican, the Western press exploded with loud headlines & nbsp; & ndash; & shy; they say, the Kremlin wanted to kill the popular pontiff. Recall: 13 & nbsp; May 1981 & nbsp; g. Turk Mehmet Ali Agca , a nationalist from the & nbsp; organization “ Gray Wolves '', on & nbsp; St. Peter's Square in the & nbsp; Vatican shot at & nbsp; the Pope. On the same day, US President Ronald Reagan said that world communism was behind the assassination attempt. And & nbsp; here, after 10 & nbsp; years, there appeared “ evidence '' that the Turk was only an executor. & Nbsp;
May 13, 1981 Turkish Mehmet Ali Agja from the organization “ Gray Wolves '' shot at Pope John Paul II. Photo: www.globallookpress.com
This case was taken up by a commission of the Italian Parliament under the & nbsp; leadership of Paolo Guzzanti . She relied on & nbsp; & quot; Mitrokhin's dossier & quot; & nbsp; & ndash; extracts from the & nbsp; archive & shy; nd materials of the KGB, made by a retired major-defector Vasily Mitrokhin and & nbsp; transferred by him to the special services of England. Plus the conviction was added by the directive of the Central Committee & nbsp; KPSS 1979 & nbsp; g., Which & nbsp; contained the order of the KGB on & nbsp; the use of any means for & nbsp; & quot; counteraction to the new political course pursued by the Polish pope. The & nbsp; document was signed by nine Soviet leaders, including & nbsp; Mikhail Gorbachev .
About & nbsp; the authenticity of this paper to & nbsp; is still arguing. But no one doubts that Agja was only a performer. In & nbsp; as customers called the KGB, the CIA and & nbsp; Freemasons. And & nbsp; evidence of the involvement of the CIA is much more. Especially if we recall all their near-church games, starting with the & nbsp; operation to & nbsp; implanting their own man on the post of the Patriarch of Constantinople. In & nbsp; the very first sermon after enthronement in & nbsp; 1949, Patriarch Athenagoras called on Christians of different confessions, and & nbsp; also Muslims to unite for & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; fight against & nbsp; communist threat. However, the CIA operations & nbsp; & ndash; it's a completely different story. & nbsp;
And & nbsp; all the KGB games in the & nbsp; Vatican ended quite peacefully. So, in the & nbsp; Lithuanian archives, there was a report of the head of the 1st department of the KGB of the Lithuanian SSR Vytautas Karinauskas dated & nbsp; December 1988 & nbsp; g. ; the need for more decisive statements by Christians for the preservation of life and & nbsp; peace on & nbsp; Earth, against the nuclear threat, in & nbsp; favor of supporting the process of times & shy; for preventing the transfer of the arms race to & nbsp; space, and & nbsp; also for the early settlement of regional conflicts. '' And, by the way, Pope John Paul & nbsp; II at & nbsp; meetings with & nbsp; Western leaders really repeated these theses.